Samarkand is the pearl of the East.
It can be proudly considered as such, because it has a unique history and signature architectural structures. It is believed that its age is more than 2,700 years. Samarkand is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. A myriad of epithets is used to describe it: "Crossroads of cultures", "Rome of the East", and many more. In the epoch of Amir Timur, Samarkand was called the "shining star of the Earth." After all, the great commander put all his soul and strength in order to perpetuate its historical significance and make it the most beautiful city of all time. Samarkand honorably contributed to the development of Islamic culture and architecture, and also left its bright mark on the emergence of the Great Silk Road. Ancient merchants from China sent their goods to Europe through Samarkand. According to the Greek and Roman historians, it was referred to as Marakanda.
The magnificent buildings of Samarkand - as if in a mirror - reflect the material and spiritual life of the past generation, which paved the way for the formation of the Uzbek people. The city has about 3,000 objects of cultural and spiritual heritage, 300 of which are monuments of architecture. These monuments are characterized by their unique patterns and ornaments, because they were built by the best architects of the time. After visiting Samarkand once, you will want to come back here in order to admire the magnificent buildings, worship the holy places, plunge again into the world of Uzbek culture and take away not only handicraft products as a souvenir, but also national sweets, dried fruits, and famous Samarkand flatbreads of amazing beauty and taste that can be stored for a long time. And most importantly, you will take away the memory of the hospitality of the Uzbek people from this magnificent city.
Shakhrisabz is a famous city over 2700 years old in Central Asia, about which many legends are written and songs are composed. It gained its fame thanks to Amir Temur. SHAKHRISABZ is considered his hometown, and it was his residence while he was the ruler. There are many spiritual and memorial monuments in this city. The most famous are Ak-Saray Palace, Dorut Tilavat complex, Kok-Gumbaz mosque and others. These structures are distinguished by magnificent mosaics and unique wall ornaments.
The atmosphere of this city allows you to plunge into the long history of the Uzbek people, and to get to know the spirituality and culture of the people of that time.
Tashkent- the capital of Uzbekistan - is truly a beautiful city. It is the cultural center, not only of the country, but also of Central Asia. Tashkent is rich in magnificent architectural buildings, unique madrasahs, beautiful memorials and many other historically important monuments. The Khazrati Imam Ensemble, Kukeldash Madrasah and Minor Mosque are among them.
This city will surprise you with the magnificence of its museums and theaters, as well as its library, which holds the heritage of great scholars and writers.
Tashkent will have an indelible impression on you with the beauty of its streets, parks and squares. I would also like to mention the Tashkent Metro, each station of which is unique with its own drawings and patterns.
Khiva occupies a special place in the list of historical heritage of Uzbekistan. This is a city where you can admire the high minarets and beautiful madrasas. The ancient "city" - the Ichan-Kala fortress - is located in the center of Khiva, which will surprise everyone with a variety of more than 60 magnificent architectural structures. This fortress is surrounded by a powerful wall about 10 meters high.
Ichan-Kala is included in the UNESCO list of cultural heritage.
Khiva is an important center for Islamic civilization, as well as for the Great Silk Road.
Khiva can rightly be considered the museum-city of Islamic culture. Every tourist will not remain indifferent here, and all thanks to the hospitality of the locals. Everyone will feel the spirituality, culture and identity of the Uzbek people here.
Bukhara is an ancient and beautiful city of Uzbekistan. Its age is more than 2500 years. For many centuries, Bukhara has been a cult and great city of Asia. A huge number of architectural and cultural monuments are preserved here. Great scientists lived and worked in Bukhara; Avicenna, Omar Khayyam, and Alisher Navoi are among them.
Bukhara has its religious value for Islam. After all, after the Arab conquest of Central Asia, Bukhara became the center of Islam established here. Bukhara was also located at the intersection of the Great Silk Road, as evidenced by caravan roads and market domes.
The origin of Bukhara is associated with one of the legends that the Iranian prince Siyavush arrived in Bukhara, married the ruler's daughter and erected the Ark fortress there.
Nowadays, Bukhara is a city where you can see and understand the centuries-old history of the Uzbek people, their culture and traditions with your own eyes.
Termez is a city located in the south of Uzbekistan. It is a city that developed in different places: it was destroyed, and then rebuilt elsewhere within the same region.
The name of the city of Termez comes from the Bactrian word “Taramat”, which means "river crossing", since there was a bridge over the Amu Darya River near it.
The city has many architectural monuments, including Khakim-at-Termeziensemble, Khanak Kyrk-Kyz, Fayaztepa complex.
The beauty and mystery of these buildings attract more and more peopleevery year.
Located in the Zarafshan valley, this city got its name in honor of the great Uzbek poet and thinker Alisher Navoi. This is a rather young city, however there are evidence and monuments about the existence of numerous ancient settlements here. In ancient times, many trade routes ran through it, including the Great Silk Road.
Navoi is the industrial center of Uzbekistan today, because the majority of the advanced plants and factories of the countryare locatedin it and its region.
This city is located at Mirzacho’l (Hungry Steppe) steppe in the south-west of Tashkent, surrounded by the majestic Nurata Mountains. Jizzakh was a key trading point of the Great Silk Road; wool and silk merchants gathered here. It can rightly be called a hero-city, because it was repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt again.
Having visited Jizzakh, you will take with you not only unforgettable impressions of the beauty of this city, but also of the unique taste of Jizzakh samsa.
The Registan Square is one of the most magnificent squares not only of Samarkand, but also of Central Asia. There are three madrasas on the square: Ulugbek madrasah, Sherdor madrasah and Tillya-Kari madrasah. Each structure is distinguished by its unique ornament and pattern, the beauty and grandeur of which brings a feeling of delight.
Shah-i-Zinda necropolis is the only architectural monument in Samarkand, which reflects the centuries-old history of the city.
The main building of the complex is the mausoleum of Kusama ibn Abbas. Shah-i-Zinda is distinguished by its elegance, the uniqueness of each pattern, and the variety of ornaments.
Gur-Emir is a mausoleum where the rulers of the Temurids dynasty are buried. It is translated as "the tomb of the sovereign." Amir Temur himself, his two sons Shokhrukh and Mironshokh, and his grandsons Mohammed Sultan and Mirzo Ulugbek are all buried here. Gur-Emir Mausoleum is the architectural heritage of Central Asia, which preserves many legends and mysteries.
Bibi-Khanim Mosque is the largest mosque in Central Asia, which is known for its beauty and grandeur. The name translates as "older wife". It received such a name in honor of Amir Temur’s beloved wife, when the commander returned after a victorious campaign in India. There is a bazaar near the mosque, which has not lost its magnificence even after 600 years.
Ak-Saray Palace is one of the main treasures of the Temurids dynasty. It is located in the city of Shakhrisabz, the hometown of Amir Temur. The palace included a lot of buildings. Tt was fenced with a wall around the perimeter, which made it an unapproachable fortress.
Kok-Gumbaz is a memorial complex towering over Shahrisabz, with a blue dome 46 meters in diameter. Here the sounds of voices and actions come to life and, while merging, are transformed into a bizarre and at the same time terrible echo. The mosque, characterized by painted ornaments and patterns, is the largest in the city.
Dorut-Tilovat is a historical monument of Shakhrisabz. This architectural structure was founded by Sheikh Shamsitdin Kulal (one of the founders of Sufism), who was the spiritual mentor of Amir Temur’s father Muhammad Taragai and Tamerlane himself. He created a madrasah, where it was possible to study the moral and religious customs, and the foundations of Sufism.
Chorsu bazaar is one of the largest markets in Central Asia situated in Eski Shakhar, the ancient part of Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan. Chorsu market had been well known since the Middle Ages and was of big importance on the Great Silk Road.
The central part of the market boasts a monumental 3-storeyed building with the diameter about 300-350 meters with a lift system. There are cellar corridors with subsidiary room on the lower floor. There are counters with goods on the middle and higher floors; every visitor can find all necessary goods here.
Khast-Imam complex has been the religious treasure not only for Tashkent but for the whole Uzbekistan for many centuries. This complex was built with the help of Khazrati-Imam, the Islamic preacher and the connoisseur of Quran and hadith. His real name was Abu-Bakr Mukhammad Kaffal Shahi.
There are also such magnificent objects on the territory of the complex as Tilla-Sheikh mosque, sacred mausoleum of Kazrati Imam, Imam al-Bukhari Islamic Institute and Barak-Khan madrasah.
A rich library of oriental manuscripts is also located here. There is the world famous Quran of Khalif Osman consisting of 353 parchment sheets is located here. This sacred Quran had traveled through such Arab cities as Medina, Damask, Bagdad and came to Uzbekistan thanks to Amir Temur’s initiative.
Amir Temur Square is the square in the center of Tashkent. There is a monument to the great military leader Amir Temur in the middle of the square. The author of the monument is the sculptor Ilkhom Jabfarov. Sitting on the horseback, Amir Temur points with his hand at the building of Tashkent Law University, while underlining one of his greatest sayings “Strength is in justice”, which is written on the pedestal of his monument.
There are such famous buildings around the square as Hotel Uzbekistan, the Temurids Museum, famous Tashkent tower-clock, and tremendous Palace of International Forum in Tashkent. The Amir Temur metro station is also located here.
Tashkent has always been famous for its ancient architectural memorials, but nowadays a more modern project such as Tashkent metro brings it fame. It is a unique system where each station has its own peculiarities, original ornament, and magnificent elements of lighting.
Three lines with 29 stations function now. In addition, the construction of two more lines are being planed now; one of them well be circular.
Tash-Khovli Palace is a building located on the territory of Icha-Kala of Khiva. It was built by the initiative of Alla Kuli-Khan in the 19th century. It consists of 163 room, a harem with a yard, mekhmonhona (hotel), and arzkhona (court).
The Palace is distinctive by its unforgettable palette of paints, pictures, and Khiva carving. The facade of the building is covered with a beautiful and unique ornament.
Juma mosque may be proudly called the spiritual center of Khiva. The definite peculiarity of the mosque is that the praying room has the roof which stands on the 200 poles of 4-5meter high. Each pole is covered with its own unique carving.
Ichan-Kala is a medieval town in the very heart of Khiva, untouched by the long history. The town is fenced by a massive wall 8-10 meters high and 5-6 meters wide and more than 2200 meters long. All these walls make the town very magnificent and impressive.
Kalyan Minaret is a sacred symbol of Islamic culture located in Bukhara. For several centuries this tower overlooks Bukhara, showing its greatness. After all, it is not coincidence that the minaret bears the name of Kalyan, which means «great».
Such masterpieces of architecture are also situated at the foot of the minaret as the Kalyan mosque and the Miri-Arab madrasah.
Kaja-Gaukushon complex is the architectural object of worship in Buhkara. The complex consists of madrasah, mosque and minaret, all of which were built in different years. The minaret is only slightly inferior in height to the Kalyan minaret. Gaukushon means “killing bulls”, and there was a cattle slaughterhouse earlier. Lyab-i Hauz is a square in the center of Buhkara and is famous for it’s unique beauty. It is an artificial reservoir, around which Nadir Divan-Begi madrasas and the khanaka are located. Kukeldash madrasah is also located nearby. Lyab-i Hauz is translated as a «basin shore».
The complex is an excellent holiday destination for tourists.
Miri-Arab madrasah can proudly be called a masterpiece of Islamic culture.
It is located directly opposite the Kalyan mosque.
Once Mir-Arab madrasah was the only spiritual Muslim educational institution in Central Asia. It produced a large number of muftis, among which was the late President of the Chechen Republic, Ahmad Kadyrov.